MAQASHID SYARI’AH AS A FILTER OF HOAX THROUGH AL-QURAN PERSPECTIVE

Doli Witro

Abstract


A report of the information from non-profit organization, Communication and Broadcasting Technology, namely the Indonesian Telematics Society (Mastel) in 2019, are based on the results of a survey. It is conducted with 34.60% respondents who receive hoax news every day. Not only to ordinary people, but hoaxes also has come to the educated circles. In Islamic shari'ah, all aspects of life are regulated based on the Al-Quran and Sunnah so that it creates benefit for its adherents and cannot be separated in delivering and receiving the news. Speaking through the benefits, it seems that, it has referred to the purpose of Islamic shari'ah, in which the language of religion is called maqashid syari'ah. This paper focuses on the hoax phenomenon on social media using maqashid syari'ah. This paper aims to further examine the maqashid syari'ah as a news filter on the internet. This study employs a qualitative research type of library research. The data obtained from books, journals, and articles related to maqashid syari'ah and hoaxes. After the data were obtained, the data were presented in a descriptive narrative and were analyzed by using analysis techniques, namely data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. The results show that the five divisions of maqashid syari'ah are able to answer religious previous and contemporary problems of hoaxes. Meanwhile, Maqashid syari'ah can be employed as a filter for every news broadcasted and accepted by the community.


Keywords


Hoax; Hifdzul Nafs; Hifdzul Din; Hifdzul Aql; Hifdzul Nasl; Hifdzul Mal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abadi, A.-F. (n.d.). Al-Qamus al-Muhit, Juz 4. Beirut: Dar al-Jail.

Adli, M., & Sulaiman, S. (2018). Penanganan Hoaks Berdasarkan Hukum Adat Aceh. Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya, 3(2), 160–174. https://doi.org/10.15575/jw.v3i2.4627

Ahmad, S., & Hotimah, H. (2018). Hoaks Dalam Kajian Pemikiran Islam dan Hukum Positif. Salam: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 5(3), 291–306. https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v5i3.10366

Al-Anshari, I. M. M. I. M. (1968). Lisan al-Arab, Juz 8. Kairo: Dar al-Misriyah li al-Ta’lif wa al-Tarjamah.

Allcott, H., & Gentzkow, M. (2017). Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 31(2), 211–236. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.31.2.211

Al-Munawwir, A. W. M. (1984). Kamus Arab Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pondok Pasantren al-Munawwir.

Al-Sais, M. A. (1970). Nasy’at al-Fighi al-Ijtihadiy wa Atwaruhu. Qahirah: Majma al-Buhuts al-Islamiyah.

Al-Syatibi, A. I. (2003). Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul al-Syari’ah. Beirut: Dar Kutub al-’Ilmiyyah. Jilid 2.

Al-Zuhayli, W. (2004). Al-Fiqh al-Islam wa Adilatuhu. Damsyik. Jilid 4: Dar al-Fikr.

Bakri, A. J. (1996). Konsep Maqashid syari’ah Menurut al-Syatibi. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Batchelor, O. (2017). Getting out the truth: the role of libraries in the fight against fake news. Reference Services Review, 45(2), 143–148. https://doi.org/10.1108/RSR-03-2017-0006

Bukar, M. A., & Ibrahim, A. M. (2019). Fake News, Hate Speech and Nigeria’s Struggle for Democratic Consolidation. International Journal of Journalism and Mass Communication, 6(1), 80–83. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-0377-5.ch006

Departemen Agama RI. (2010). Al-Qur’an Tajwid dan Terjemahnya. Bandung: Syaamil Qur’an.

Detik.com. (2017). Mengapa Orang Pintar Bisa Termakan Isu Hoax? Retrieved April 8, 2020, from https://health.detik.com/berita-detikhealth/

Elviandri, Farkhani, Dimyati, K., & Absori. (2018). The formulation of welfare state: The perspective of Maqāid al-Sharī’ah. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 8(1), 117–146. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v8i1.117-146

Hodri. (2013). Penafsiran akal dalam al-qur’an. Mutawâtir: Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadis, 3(1), 1–24.

Jafar, I. (2017). Konsep Berita dalam Al’Quran (Implikasinya dalam Sistem Pemberitaan di Iftitah Jafar Media Sosial). 3(1), 1–15.

Jamaa, L. (2011). Dimensi Ilahi dan Dimensi Insani dalam Maqashid al-Syari’ah. Asy-Syir’ah Jurnal: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah Dan Hukum, 45(2).

Jamal, R. (2016). Maqashid Al-Syari’ah dan Relevansinya dalam Konteks Kekinian. Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah, 8(1), 1–12. Retrieved from https://journal.iain-manado.ac.id/index.php/JIS/article/view/34

Katsir, I. (2010). Lubaabut Tafsir Min Ibni Katsir. (Penerjemah) M. Abdul Ghoffar dan Abu Ihsan al-Atsari. Jakarta: Imam Asy-Syafi’i.

KBBI Daring. (2016). Hoaks. Retrieved April 8, 2020, from https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/HOAKS

Mastel Indonesia. (2019). Hasil Survey Wabah Hoax Nasional 2019. Retrieved from https://mastel.id

Maulana, L. (2017). Kitab Suci dan Hoax: Pandangan Alquran dalam Menyikapi Berita Bohong. Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya, 2(2), 209–222. https://doi.org/10.15575/jw.v2i2.1678

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis (a Source book of New Methods). Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Najjati, M. U. (1993). Al-Dirasat al-Nafsaniyah ‘Inda al-‘Ulama’ al-Muslimin. Kairo: Dar al-Syuruq.

Nur, I., & Muttaqin, M. N. (2020). Bermedia Sosial dalam Perspektif Maqashid Syari’ah (Membangun Komunikasi di Media Sosial Berdasarkan Etika). Palita: Journal of Social Religion Research, 5(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.24256/pal.v5i1.1090

Okezone.com. (2017). Nih... Tujuh Ciri-Ciri Berita Hoax. Retrieved April 8, 2020, from https://news.okezone.com/read/2017/05/01/

Oxford University. (2011). Oxford University, Oxford: Learner’s Pocket Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rafsanjani, H. (2016). Etika Produksi Dalam Kerangka Maqashid Syariah. Jurnal Masharif Al-Syariah, 1(2), 28–41.

Rahadi, D. R. (2017). Perilaku Pengguna Dan Informasi Hoax Di Media Sosial. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Kewirausahaan, 5(1), 58–70. https://doi.org/10.26905/jmdk.v5i1.1342

Sandimula, N. S. (2019). Konsep Epistemologi Akal Dalam Perspektif Islam. Potret Pemikiran, 23(1), 19–25.

Saputra, A. (2018). Maqashid syariah: Term hoaks dalam al-Quran dan hikmah untuk kemaslahatan manusia. Lembaga Kajian, Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Mahasiswa UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, 7(1), 41–54. Retrieved from http://urj.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/lorong/article/view/223

Saputra, E., & Busyro. (2018). Kawin Maupah: An obligation to get married after talak tiga in the tradition of binjai village in Pasaman district a maqâsid al- Sharî’ah review. Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies, 6(2), 181–219. https://doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v6i2.3738

Sellnow, T., Parrish, A., & Semenas, L. (2019). From Hoax as Crisis to Crisis as Hoax: Fake News and Information Disorder as Disruptions to the Discourse of Renewal. Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research, 2(1), 121–142. https://doi.org/10.30658/jicrcr.2.1.6

Shihab, M. Q. (2002). Tafsir Al-Misbah: Pesan, Kesan dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an, Volume 9. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Siswoko, K. H. (2017). Kebijakan Pemerintah Menangkal Penyebaran Berita Palsu atau ‘Hoax.’ Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, Dan Seni, 1(1), 13–19.

Suhendi, H. (2005). Fiqh Muamalah. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Syafei, Z. (2017). Tracing Maqaṣid Al-Shari’ah in the fatwas of Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI). Journal of Indonesian Islam, 11(1), 99–124. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.1.99-124

Syaltut, M. (1966). Islam Aqidah wa Syari’ah. Kairo: Dar al-Qalama.

Taufiq, F. (2018). Media Sosial dan Gerakan Sosial-Politik Umat Islam di Indonesia. Fikrah, 6(2), 391–408.

Ulya. (2018). Post-Truth, Hoax, dan Religiusitas di Media Sosial. Fikrah, 6(2), 283–302. https://doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v6i2.4070

Wahid, A. (2018). Reformasi Maqashid Syariah Klasik Menuju Perspektif Kontemporer. Syaikhuna: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pranata Islam, 9(2), 219–230. https://doi.org/10.36835/syaikhuna.v9i2.3260

Wijaya, A. (2015). Cara Memahami Maqashid al - Syari’ah. Al-Daulah, 4(2), 344–353.

Witro, D. (2018). Problematika Hoax di Media Sosial: Telaah Pesan Tabayyun dalam Surat al-Hujurat/49: 6. Proceedings of the 3rd BUAF (Borneo Undergraduate Academic Forum), 183–190. Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia, 17-19 Oktober: Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Palangkaraya.

Witro, D. (2019a). Islamic Religious Education in The Family To Strengthen National Resilience of Surah At-Tahrim Verse 6 Perspective. Al-Muaddib: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Dan Keislaman, 4(2), 306–315. https://doi.org/10.31604/muaddib.v4i2.306-315

Witro, D. (2019b). Peaceful Campaign In Election Al-Hujurat Verse 11 Perspective. Alfuad:Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Keagamaan, 3(2), 15–24.

Witro, D., Azmiya Putri, L., & Oviensy, V. (2019). Kontribusi Media Sosial Terhadap Produktivitas Karyawan Generasi Milenial PT Perkebunan Nusantara VI Kayu Aro. Jurnal Ekonomi & Bisnis, 18(2), 119–125.

Zein, S. E. M. (2005). Ushul Fiqh. Jakarta: Kencana.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30984/jis.v18i2.1133

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 364 times
PDF - 108 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Manado

Jl. Dr. S.H. Sarundajang, Kawasan Ringroad I, Malendeng Manado Kode Pos 95128, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.

 

Creative Commons License
All publication by Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir'ah are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah, ISSN 1693-4202 (Print), ISSN 2528-0368 (Online)