Students’ Difficulties in Reading Comprehension at the Ninth Grade MTs Negeri 1 Manado

Nikmala N Kaharuddin, Dhea Ramadanti Thaib


This research aims to identify the difficulties faced by students in reading and the
causes of these difficulties. The researcher employed a mixed-methods research
(MMR) approach, utilizing four research instruments: observation, interviews, tests,
and documentation. The sample for this research consisted of 30 students from class
9-C and two English teachers from class 9 of MTs Negeri 1 Manado. There were three
data collection procedures. The first procedure involved the researcher observing
class 9-C. The second procedure included the administration of a multiple-choice test
with 10 questions to the students of class 9-C. The third procedure involved
conducting interviews with 30 students and 2 English teachers regarding the causes
of students' difficulties in reading. Based on the research findings, the researcher
identified four difficulties that students face in understanding reading: limited
vocabulary with a percentage of 68.33%, drawing conclusions 60%, details
comprehension 54.16%, and grasping the main idea 50%. There were two factors
causing students' difficulties: internal factors and external factors. Internal factors
included students not reading enough, texts in English, limited vocabulary, and
student laziness. External factors included a lack of English books and students not
bringing dictionaries.

Keywords: Student difficulties, Reading comprehension, Internal and External Factor

Full Text:



Azhari, D. S., Afif, Z., Kustati, M., & Sepriyanti, N. (2023). Penelitian Mixed Method Research Untuk Disertasi. INNOVATIVE: Journal Of Social Science Research, 3(2), 1–16.

Baru, H. (2020). An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Reading Comprehension at MTs Darel Hikmah Pekan Baru.

Daryanti. (2017). An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Finding The Moral Value of Comprehension At The First Semester of The Eight Grade of MTs N 1 Bandar Lampung in 2017/2018.

Hidayati, D. (2018). Students Difficulties in Reading Comprehension at The First Grade of SMA N 1 Darussalam Aceh Besar.

Kurniawan, M. A. (2020). Students’ Difficulties on Reading Comprehension at The Eight Grade of SMPN 6 Sarolangun.

Larasati, D. (2019). An Analysis of Difficulties in Comprehension English Reading Text at the Eleventh Grade Students of MA LAB UIN-SU


Miles and Huberman. (1992). Analysis Data Kualitatif. Sage Publication.

Multazam, M. T. (2021). Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Reading Comprehension Comprehension Faced by Ninth Grade Junior High School Students. Journal Academia Open, 4.

Nurviyani, V., Suherdi, D., & Lukmana, I. (2020). Developing students’ reading skill through making multimodal inferences. English Review: Journal of English Education, 8(2), 175–182.

Sumadoyo, S. (2011). Strategi Dan Teknik Pembelajaran Membaca. Graha Ilmu.

Thabrani, A. (2019). Students’ Difficulties in Reading Comprehension at The Second Grade of Junior High School Satap 3 Betara.

Yu, J. (2015). Analysis of critical reading strategies and its effect on college English reading. Academy Publication, 5(1), 134–138.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 50 times
PDF - 43 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Manado

Jl. Dr. S.H. Sarundajang, Kawasan Ringroad I, Malendeng Manado Kode Pos 95128, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.


Creative Commons License