AKOMODASI KULTURAL DALAM RESOLUSI KONFLIK BERNUANSA AGAMA DI INDONESIA

Zaenuddin Hudi Prasojo, Mustaqim Pabbajah

Abstract


Abstract: Ethnic and religious diversity in Indonesia have become not only a wealth but in the same time also a threat to the country. They have also become the sources of cultural diversity as cultural assets that need attention. In fact, these cultural assets have potentials in the emergence of social and religious conflicts. This article suggests important findings carrying three main issues in looking at conflicts in the name of religion. With qualitative data analysis, the three main issues are collaborated. First, the conflict that took place in Indonesia tends to occur in three forms including; communal conflicts, sectarian conflicts and political installation conflicts. Second, conflict in the name of religion is triggered by several factors including lacking of understanding of the cultural, ethnic and religious diversities in Indonesia. Third, cultural accommodation by looking at the potential of local wisdom has been evidence to offer useful, needed alternatives in solving conflicts that occur in the community. This work recommends that it is necessary to deepen and disseminate all parties in empowering the potential of local culture in Indonesia.

 

Keyword: Accomodation, Culture, Religion, Conflict Resolution

 

Abstrak: Keragaman etnis dan agama di Indonesia merupakan kekayaan sekaligus sebagai ancaman bagi negara ini. Keragaman etnis dan agama menghasilkan keragaman budaya yang merupakan aset kultural serta perlu mendapatkan perhatian. Aset kultural tersebut berpotensi besar dalam kemunculan konflik sosial maupun agama. Artikel ini menawarkan temuan penting mengenai tiga isu utama dalam melihat konflik atas nama agama. Dengan analisis data kualitatif, ketiga isu utama tersebut dielaborasi. Pertama, konflik yang berlangsung di Indonesia cenderung diperlihatkan dalam tiga bentuk antara lain: konflik komunal, konflik sektarian, dan konflik eskalasi politik. Kedua, faktor konflik agama dipicu beberapa faktor yang meliputi masih minimnya pemahaman realitas keragaman suku, etnis, dan agama di Indonesia. Ketiga, akomodasi kultural dengan melihat potensi kearifan lokal telah mampu dijadikan sebagai perangkat penyelesaian permasalahan konflik yang terjadi di tengah masyarakat. Rekomendasi artikel ini adalah diperlukan pendalaman dan sosialisasi semua pihak dalam memberdayakan potensi budaya lokal di Indonesia.

 

Keyword: Akomodasi, Kultural, Agama, dan Resolusi Konflik


Full Text:

PDF

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Abidin, Muhammad Zainal. “Ulama in Indonesian Urban Society: A View of Their Role and Position in the Change of Age.” Jurnal THEOLOGIA, 2018. https://doi.org/10.21580/teo.2017.28.2.1863.

Ahyar, Muzayyin, and Alfitri Alfitri. “Aksi Bela Islam: Islamic Clicktivism and the New Authority of Religious Propaganda in the Millennial Age in Indonesia.” Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v9i1.1-29.

Akpabio, Emmanuel. “Water Supply and Sanitation Practices in Nigeria: Applying Local Ecological Knowledge to Understand Complexity.” ZEF Working Paper Series, 2012.

Ambarwangi, Sri. “Multicultural Education in Schools Through Tradition Art Education.” HARMONIA - Jurnal Pengetahuan dan Pemikiran Seni, 2013.

Amin, Ali. “Deradikalisasi Berbasis Pesantren: Kasus Pesantren Arroyaan Bogor.” Junal HARMONI. Vol. 11, 2012.

Amin, Ali. “Alumni Pesantren Gontor dan Jaringan Islam Global.” Jurnal Of Islamic Education Policy.

http://journal.iain-manado.ac.id/index.php/jiep/article/view/862

Amin, Ali, dan Abdullah, Irwan. "Intra-Religious Persecution in West Java: Case study of Ahmadiyah Community in Manis Lor Kuningan," Tesis MA, CRCS UGM, 2015. http://etd.repository.ugm.ac.id/home/detail_pencarian/27679.

Anwar, M Khoiril. “Peran Ulama di Nusantara dalam Mewujudkan Harmonisasi Umat Beragama.” FIKRAH, 2016. https://doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v4i1.1621.

Ari Ganjar Herdiansah, Junaidi, Heni Ismiati. “Pembelahan Ideologi, Kontestasi Pemilu, dan Persepsi Ancaman Keamanan Nasional: Spektrum Politik Indonesia Pasca 2014?” Jurnal Wacana Politik, 2017.

Aziza, Aulia. “Relasi Agama dan Budaya.” ALHADHARAH, 2017. https://doi.org/10.18592/alhadharah.v15i30.1204.

B. L. Shah. “CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS: THE INDO-CHINA CROSS BORDER DISPUTE IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH,” 2010.

Bakar, Abu. “Konsep Toleransi dan Kebebasan Beragama.” Toleransi, 2015. https://doi.org/10.24014/trs.v7i2.1426.

Berry, John W. “Acculturation: Living Successfully in Two Cultures.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2005.07.013.

BM, St. Aisyah. “Konflik Sosial dalam Hubunga Antarumat Beragama.” Jurnal Dakwah Tabligh, 2014. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24252/jdt.v15i2.348.

Cannella, Gaile S., and Mary Esther Soto Huerta. “Introduction: Becomingswith Hybrid Bodies—Immigration, Public Policy, and the In-Between.” Critical Methodologies 19, no. 3 (2019): 147–151.

https://doi.org/doi:10.1177/1532708618817903.

Casram, Casram. “Membangun Sikap Toleransi Beragama dalam Masyarakat Plural.” Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15575/jw.v1i2.588.

Cohen, Alvin P., and Arthur P. Wolf. “Religion and Ritual in Chinese Society.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1978. https://doi.org/10.2307/599787.

Cohen, Raymond. “Language and Conflict Resolution: The Limits of English.” International Studies Review, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1111/1521-9488.00224.

Dwintari, Julita Widya. “Urgensi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Berbasis Multikultural dalam Pembinaan Keberagaman Masyarakat Indonesia.” Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan PKn Dan Sosial Budaya, 2018.

Faridah, Siti, and Jerico Mathias. “Politisasi Agama Pemecah Keutuhan Bangsa dalam Pemilu.” Seminar Nasional Hukum Universitas Negeri Semarang, 2018.

Fauzi, Agus. “Agama, Pancasila dan Konflik Sosial di Indonesia.” E-Journal Lentera Hukum, 2017. https://doi.org/10.19184/ejlh.v4i2.5295.

Fincham, Frank D., Steven R.H. Beach, and Joanne Davila. “Longitudinal Relations Between Forgiveness and Conflict Resolution in Marriage.” Journal of Family Psychology, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.21.3.542.

Fitri, Nur Lailatul. “Transisi Demokrasi dan Mobilitas Vertikal Kyai: Potret Peran Kyai sebagai Governing Elite.” Al Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 2018.

Gorina, M. “ACTION LINES OF THE OUT-OF-FAMILY CARE SUPPORT CENTER FOR SUPPORTING FOSTER FAMILIES Gorina M SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION.” In Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 209, 2019. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.17770/sie2019vol3.3927.

Hakim, Abdul. “Konflik Sektarian dan Perkembangan Pemikiran dalam Islam.” SAFINA Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 2016.

Hanafi, Imam. “Agama dalam Bayang-Bayang Fanatisme; Sebuah Upaya Mengelola Konflik Agama.” TOLERANSI: Media Ilmiah Komunikasi Umat Beragama, 2018. https://doi.org/10.24014/trs.v10i1.5720.

Hasan, Bakhtiar, and Ayub Mursalin. “Konflik Komunal Mengatasnamakan Agama di Indonesia: Analisis Terhadap Konflik Ahmadiyah dalam Pemberitaan Media, 2005-2011.” Kontekstualita: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 2011.

Hasanah, Aan, Neng Gustini, and Dede Rohaniawati. “CULTIVATING CHARACTER EDUCATION BASED ON SUNDANESE CULTURE LOCAL WISDOM.” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v2i2.788.

Hasanah, Imrotul. “Peran Kiyai terhadap Pengambilan Keputusan Pemilih dalam Pemilukada Tahun 2013 di Kabupaten Pamekasan.” Jurnal Online Universitas Negeri Malang, 2013.

Hermawati, Rina, Caroline Paskarina, and Nunung Runiawati. “Toleransi Antarumat Beragama di Kota Bandung.” Indonesian Journal of Anthropology, 2017. https://doi.org/10.24198/umbara.v1i2.10341.

Hughes, Geoffrey. “European Social Anthropology in 2018: An Increasingly Recursive Public.” Social Anthropology, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/1469-8676.12625.

Ichwan, Moch Nur. “MUI, Gerakan Islamis dan Umat Mengambang.” Ma’arif, 2016.

Jamalie, Zulfa. “Pluralisme, Toleransi, Pendidikan Multikultural dan Kerukunan Umat Beragama.” Jurnal Studi Agama Dan Masyarakat, 2012.

Jamrah, Suryan A. “Toleransi Antarumat Beragama: Perspektif Islam.” Jurnal Ushuluddin, 2015.

Janah, Nasitotul. Jurnal Tarbiyatuna. Tarbiyatuna, 2016.

Jannah, Hasanatul. “Kyai, Perubahan Sosial dan Dinamika Politik Kekuasaan.” Fikrah - Jurnal Ilmu Aqidah dan Studi Keagamaan, 2016. https://doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v3i1.1831.

Jati, Wasisto Raharjo. “Kearifan Lokal sebagai Resolusi Konflik Keagamaan.” Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 2013. https://doi.org/10.21580/ws.2013.21.2.251.

Kashikar, Mohan S. “Hindu Way of Conflict Resolution.” The Indian Journal of Political Science, 2011.

Kaufman, Jason. “Et Tu , Professor Wimmer? .” Sociological Forum, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1573-7861.2007.00041.x.

Kempes, Maaike. “Natural Conflict Resolution in Humans.” Behaviour, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853908786131298.

Khotimah, Khotimah. “Toleransi Beragama.” Jurnal Ushuluddin, 2013. https://doi.org/10.24014/JUSH.V20I2.928.

Kurniawan, Budi. “Politisasi Agama di Tahun Politik : Politik Pasca-Kebenaran Di Indonesia.” Jurnal Sosiologi Agama -, 2018.

L. Kong, O. Woods. “Disjunctures of Belonging and Belief: Christian Migrants and the Bordering of Identity in Singapore” 26, no. 6 (2019).

Majid, Mohamad Kamil Hj Ab. “Fanatik Dan Taksub Dalam Islam: Analisis Pandangan Al-Qaradawi.” Jurnal Usuluddin, 2003.

Makmur, Ahdi. “Peranan Ulama dalam Membina Masyarakat Banjar di Kalimantan Selatan.” MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 2012. https://doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v36i1.114.

Martiniello, Marco. “4. Political Participation, Mobilisation and Representation of Immigrants and Their Offspring in Europe.” In Migration and Citizenship, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1515/9789048504268-007.

Maulani, Amin. “Tranformasi Learning dalam Pendidikan Multikultural Keberagaman.” Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan: Fondasi Dan Aplikasi, 2013. https://doi.org/10.21831/jppfa.v1i1.1049.

Nofiaturrahmah, Fifi. “Melacak Peran Kyai-Santri dalam Polit

ik Kebangsaan di Indonesia.” Islamic Review : Jurnal Riset dan Kajian Keislaman, 2014.

Nyamnjoh, Francis B., and David I. Kertzer. “Ritual, Politics, and Power.” Political Psychology, 1989. https://doi.org/10.2307/3791340.

Pamungkas, Aisyah Dara, and Ridwan Arifin. “Demokrasi dan Kampanye Hitam dalam Penyelenggaraan Pemilihan Umum di Indonesia (Analisis atas Black Campaign dan Negative Campaign).” DIKTUM: Jurnal Syariah Dan Hukum, 2019. https://doi.org/10.35905/diktum.v17i1.641.

Pitoyo, Agus Joko, and Hari Triwahyudi. “Dinamika Perkembangan Etnis di Indonesia dalam Konteks Persatuan Negara.” Populasi, 2018. https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.32416.

Prayitno. “Pengaruh Sikap Primordialisme terhadap Upaya Pembentukan Proses Harmonisasi Masyarakat Multikultur.” Foreign Affairs, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.

Purworini, Dian, and Budi Santoso. “Sensemaking Theory in Portraying an Organizational Conflict: A Case Study Analysis.” Humanities and Social Sciences Reviews, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.7336.

Ramirez, Carlos R. “Ethnobotany and the Loss of Traditional Knowledge in the 21st Century.” Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 2007. https://doi.org/10.17348/era.5.0.245-247.

Reed, Floyd, David Bradford, and Justin McConkey. “A Century of

Managing Rangelands on National Forests.” Rangelands, 2005. https://doi.org/10.2111/1551-501X(2005)27.3[45:ACOMRO]2.0.CO;2.

Retnowati, Retnowati. “Agama, Konflik, dan Integrasi Sosial (Integrasi Sosial Pascakonflik, Situbondo).” Analisa, 2014. https://doi.org/10.18784/analisa.v21i02.14.

Rozi, Syafuan. “Nasionalisme, Demokratisasi, dan Sentimen Primordialisme di Indonesia: Problematika Identitas Keetnisan versus Keindonesiaan pada Studi Kasus Aceh, Papua, Bali dan Riau.” Jurnal Penelitian Politik, 2009.

Safi, Jamin. “Konflik Komunal: Maluku 1999-2000.” ISTORIA: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Ilmu Sejarah, 2017. https://doi.org/10.21831/istoria.v13i1.17615.

Saleh Tajuddin, Muhammad, Mohd. Azizuddin Mohd. Sani, and Andi Tenri Yeyeng. “Berbagai Kasus Konflik di Indonesia: Dari Isu Non Pribumi, Isu Agama, Hingga Isu Kesukuan.” Sulesana, 2016.

SETARA Institute. “‘Ringkasan Eksekutif Indeks Kota Toleran Tahun 2018,’ 2018,” 2018.

Shofan, Mohammad. Politisasi Agama di Ruang Publik: Ideologis Atau Politis ? MAARIF Journal, 2018.

Sikand, Yoginder. “Civil Society Initiatives and Peace: Religion and Religious Activists.” Economic and Political Weekly, 2004.

Stefanova, Boyka. “Regional Integration as a System of Conflict Resolution.” World Affairs, 2006.

Sukamto. “Nasionalisme, Wawasan Kebangsaan, dan Integrasi Bangsa dalam Pengembangan PIPS.” Prosiding Seminar Nasional Himpunan Sarjana Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial, 2017.

Supriyadi, Mohammad. “Politisasi Agama di Ruang Publik: Komunikasi SARA dalam Perdebatan Rational Choice Theory.” Jurnal Keamanan Nasional, 2015.

Suryan, Suryan. “Toleransi Antarumat Beragama: Perspektif Islam.” Jurnal Ushuluddin, 2017. https://doi.org/10.24014/jush.v23i2.1201.

Taufiq, Muhammad, Sarsiti, Rindha Widyaningsih, and Rani Hendriana. “Mediasi sebagai Penguatan Kearifan Lokal Banyumas dalam Penyelesaian Perkara Pidana.” Jurnal Media Hukum, 2017. https://doi.org/10.18196/jmh.2017.0089.137-146.

Tjosvold, Dean. “Defining Conflict and Making Choices about Its Management: Lighting the Dark Side of Organizational Life.” International Journal of Conflict Management, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1108/10444060610736585.

Tule, Philipus. “Religious Conflicts and a Culture of Tolerance: Paving the Way for Reconciliation in Indonesia.” Antropologi Indonesia, 2014. https://doi.org/10.7454/ai.v0i63.3404.

Ulya, Inayatul. “Pendidikan Islam Multikultural sebagai Resolusi Konflik Agama di Indonesia.” FIKRAH, 2016. https://doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v4i1.1663.

Unwanullah, Arif. “Tranformasi Pendidikan untuk Mengatasi Konflik Masyarakat dalam Perspektif Multikultural.” Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan: Fondasi dan Aplikasi, 2013. https://doi.org/10.21831/jppfa.v1i1.1050.

Wafa, M. Dhuha Aniqul. “Peran Politik Kyai di Kabupaten Rembang dalam Pemilu Tahun 1994-2009.” Journal of Indonesian History, 2012.

Wedan, Mas. “Pengertian Pendidikan dan Tujuan Pendidikan secara Umum.” Silabus, 2016.

Yamin, Ade, Irwan Abdullah, Achmad Nurmandi, Hasse Jubba, and Zuli Qodir. “Being Minority in Papua: Religious and Political Identity Struggle of the Dani Muslims.” Al-Albab, 2019. https://doi.org/10.24260/alalbab.v8i1.1362.

Yunus, Firdaus M. “Konflik Agama di Indonesia Problem dan Solusi Pemecahannya.” Substantia, 2014.

Zhenglei, X, M Zongwen, and L Jiyuan. “Conflicts in Land Use in Marine Protected Areas: The Case of the Yellow River Delta, China.” Journal of Coastal Research 30, no. 6 (2014): 1307–1214.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30984/ajip.v5i1.1131

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 10869 times
PDF - 6583 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Aqlam: Journal of Islam and Plurality

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Manado

Jl. Dr. S.H. Sarundajang, Kawasan Ringroad I, Malendeng Manado Kode Pos 95128, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.

 

Creative Commons License
All publication by AQLAM: Journal of Islam and Plurality are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.