GERAKAN ORGANISASI BERBASIS KEAGAMAAN MELAWAN HIV/AIDS DI INDONESIA: PENILAIAN PADA WILAYAH JAWA TENGAH DAN BALI

Anna Marie Wattie, Nono S. A. Sumampouw

Abstract


Abstract. This article aims to understand the approach used by Faith Based Organization (FBO) in the tackling and handling program of HIV and AIDS, in relation to the  prevention, infection, as well as the treatment in social-cultural perspective. The data collecting is done through profound interview and observation in two research areas: North-Beach Areas (Pantai Utara), Central Java and Denpasar, Bali. Both locus were chosen and compared based on the differences in socio-cultural formation, particularly in the religious background majority which in control of the social life. It is found that the involvement of both the institution and religious leaders in the countermeasures of HIV and AIDS has a strategical value either directly or indirectly. The involvement of religious organizations in these two areas, even though differ in effectiveness, scale of implementation, problems encountered, value approach, intervention and organizational attachment, and the social-cultural construction of the society has adduced changes in discourse and practices related to the HIV and AIDS issues, either in the circle of the religious leaders and the community in general. The North-Beach area in Central Java which only for the past five years go through with the countermeasures program of HIV and AIDS formally, structurally, direct, and organizational by FBO in this case Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), has the effectivity and acceptance for different people and slower that what has happened in Bali, where the FBO tends to be involved through non-organizational network.

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, ODHA, Religion, Moslem, Hindu-Bali, FBO, NU, Banjar

Abstrak. Artikel ini bertujuan memahami pendekatan yang dilakukan Lembaga Berbasis Keagamaan atau Faith Based Organization (FBO) dalam program penanggulangan dan penanganan HIV dan AIDS, baik terkait dengan pencegahan, penularan maupun perawatan dalam perspektif sosial-budaya. Pengumpulan data dilakukan lewat wawancara mendalam dan observasi di dua wilayah penelitian, yaitu: daerah Pantai Utara, Jawa Tengah dan Denpasar, Bali. Kedua lokus dipilih dan dibandingkan dengan alasan memiliki formasi sosio-kultural berbeda terutama dalam latar belakang agama mayoritas penduduk yang mengatur kehidupan bermasyarakat. Ditemukan bahwa pelibatan lembaga dan tokoh keagamaan dalam penanggulangan HIV dan AIDS punya nilai strategis, baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung. Pelibatan organisasi keagamaan di dua daerah ini, sekalipun berbeda dalam hal efektifitas, skala pelaksanaan, masalah yang dihadapi, pendekatan nilai, intervensi dan keterikatan organisasional serta konstruksi sosial-budaya masyarakat telah menunjukkan adanya perubahan wacana dan praktek terkait dengan isu HIV dan AIDS, baik di kalangan pemuka agama dan masyarakat luas. Daerah Pantai Utara Jawa Tengah yang kurang-lebih baru saja lima tahun melaksanakan program penanganan HIV dan AIDS secara formal, struktural, langsung dan organisasional oleh FBO dalam hal ini Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), memiliki efektifitas dan penerimaan di kalangan masyarakat yang berbeda serta lebih lambat daripada yang terjadi di Bali, dimana FBO cenderung dilibatkan lewat jejarang non-organisasional.

Kata Kunci: HIV, AIDS, ODHA, Agama, Islam, Hindu-Bali, FBO, NU, Banjar


Full Text:

PDF

References


Crisovan, P., 'Risky' Business: Cultural Conception of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia. Ph.D Dissertation. Graduate Faculty of the Department of Anthropology, School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 2006.

Cheema, Bani, Combating HIV/AIDS in Marginalized Communities: Papua and West Papua Provincies, Master Thesis, University of San Fransisco, 2014.

Ford, K., Voluntary, HIV testing, disclosure among injections drug users in Bali, Indonesia, AIDS; Education and Prevention, 2014.

Geertz, Clifford (1959) “Form and Variation in Balinese Village Structure”, Journal American Anthropologist, No. 61, 1959.

Hyder, Adnan Ali and Richard Morrow, “Culture, Behavior and Health”, in Michael Merson, et. al. (Eds.), International Public Health: Diseases, Programs, Systems and Policies, Sudbury: Jones and Bartlet Publishers, 2006.

Ibrahim, K., Songwathana, P., and Boonyasopun, U, The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Indonesia: Does primary health care as a prevention and intervention strategy work? “ International Journal of Nursing Practice , 2010.

Kelly, A., The Body of Christ has AIDS: The Catholic Church Responding Faithfully to HIV and AIDS in Papua New Guinea, Journal of Religion and Health, No. 48, 2009.

Kroeger, K. A., Risk, Boundary Making and the Social Order: Understanding the social construction of AIDS and sexuality in Indonesia. Ph.D dissertation. Washington: Graduate School of Arts and Sciences of Washington University. 2000.

Madyan, Ahmad Syams, The Reproduction of Discourse, The Exercise of Power and Creation of Piety In The Issue of HIV an AIDS and Islam in Indonesia”, Journal Religio: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama, Vol. 3, No. 2, September 2013.

Monshipouri, Mahmood and Travis Trapp, HIV/AIDS, Religion, and Human Rights: A Comparative Analysis of Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Iran, Human Rights Review, No. 13, 2012.

Nasir, S. dan D. Rosenthal, The social context of initiation into injecting drugs in the slums of Makassar, Indonesia: International Journal of Drug Policy, No. 20, 2009.

Rajafi, Ahmad. Inkulturasi Wahyu dan Budaya Lokal Serta Implikasinya Terhadap Pembaharuan Hukum Keluarga di Indonesia, Disertasi, Lampung: IAIN Raden Intan, 2015.

Rajafi, Ahmad. Nalar Hukum Keluarga Islam di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Istana Publishing, 2015.

Rhodes, Tim and Alan Quirk, “Heroin, Risk and Sexual Safety: Some problems for interventions encouraging community change”. In Tim Rhodes and and Richard Hartnoll (eds). AIDS, drugs and prevention: perspectives on individual and community action London dan New York: Routledge, 1996.

Surur, Feirus dan Mirgissa Kaba, The Role of Religious Leaders in HIV/AIDS Prevention, Control, and Patient Care and Support: A Pilot Project in Jimma Zone, Journal Northeast African Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2000.

Waluyo, Agung; Gabriel J. Culbert; RN Judith Levy; Kathleen F. Norr, Understanding HIV-Related Stigma Among Indonesian Nurses, Journal Of The Association Of Nurses In Aids Care, 2014.

Warren, Carol, Indonesia Development Policy and Community Organization in Bali, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1993.

Wattie, Anna Marie, “A Fresh Look At Sexuality and HIV/AIDS: Indonesian Experience” in a Fresh Look at Sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Proceedings of the Satellite Workshop on Sexuality, Task Force on Social Science and Reproductive Health Social Development Research Center College of Liberal Arts. De La Salle University, Philippines, 1998.

https://www.ugm.ac.id/berita/10789.angkainfeksi.baru.hivaids.di.indonesia.capai.25.ribu.per.tahun, diakses 31 Agustus, Pukul 1.28 WITA.

http://www.aidsindonesia.or.id/contents/1/3/Sejarah#sthash.nplcJdBn.dpuf, Diakses pada 14 September 2017, Pukul 5.54 WITA.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30984/ajip.v3i1.637

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1845 times
PDF - 982 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Aqlam: Journal of Islam and Plurality

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Manado

Jl. Dr. S.H. Sarundajang, Kawasan Ringroad I, Malendeng Manado Kode Pos 95128, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.

 

Creative Commons License
All publication by AQLAM: Journal of Islam and Plurality are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.