Rural Students’ Barriers in Learning English during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ali Akbarjono, Zelvia Liska Afriani, Ria Annisa


Rural Students Barriers in Learning English during the COVID-19 Pandemic Research paper: this research describes the obstacles that students who reside in rural areas experience and how they overcome those obstacles. Ten students from the English Education Investigation Program were the subjects of this study. The author employed a qualitative technique and a case study design. The writer utilized an online questionnaire, interviews, and documents to collect data. The data findings revealed that practically all students faced social, institutional, dispositional, and epistemological difficulties. The data also indicated that students face nine obstacles, such as an unsupportive learning environment, a network difficulty, time management, a significant assignment, a cost, students' challenges in learning English, a learning style issue, and students lack of desire. They overcome such hurdles in various ways, depending on the individual. This study's findings will impact the teaching and learning processes. The professor is required to assist pupils in overcoming obstacles. The study also recommended that students pay more attention to the online learning experience. The study also contributes to the realm of language, and future researchers should pay close attention to this phenomenon.

Keywords: Rural Students, Barriers, Online Learning, Covid-19 Pandemic

Full Text:



Allen, I. E. & Seaman, J. (2007). Online Nation: Five Years Growth in Online Learning, Needham: Sloan Consortium

Assareh, A., & Bidokht, M. H. (2011). Barriers to e-teaching and e-learning. Procedia Computer Science, 3, 791-795

Balanskat, A., Blamire, R., & Kefala, S. (2006). The ICT impact report: A review of studies of ICT on schools in Europe. European Communities: Education and Culture

Bartley, S. J., & Golek, J. H. (2004). Evaluating the Cost Effectiveness of Online and Face-to-Face Instruction. Educational Technology & Society, 7(4), 167–175

Dube, B. (2020). Rural Online Learning in the Context of COVID-19 in South Africa: Evoking an Inclusive Education Approach. Multidisciplinary Journal of Educational Research, 10(2), 135-157

Garland, M. R. (1993). Student Perception of the Situational, Institutional, Dispositional and Epistemological Barriers to Persistence. Distance Education. 14(2): 181-198

Huang, R.H., Liu, D.J., Tlili, A., Yang, J.F., Wang, H.H., et al. 2020. Handbook on Facilitating Flexible Learning during Educational Disruption: The Chinese Experience in Maintaining Undisrupted Learning in COVID-19 Outbreak. Beijing: Smart Learning Institute of Beijing Normal University

Miles Mathew B; Huberman Michael A. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis a Sourcebook of New Method: London: Sage Publications

Noor, J. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian Skripsi, Tesis, Disertasi dan Karya Ilmiah. Jakarta: Kencana prenada Media Group

Rahiem, M. D. H. (2020). The emergency remote learning experience of university students in Indonesia amidst the COVID-19 crisis. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research. 19(6).

Schoepp, K. (2005). Barriers to Technology Integration in a technology-rich Environment. Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: Gulf Perspectives, 2(1), 1-24

WHO, (2020). Getting your workplace ready for COVID-19: How COVID-19 spreads retrieved at January 27, 2021, 03


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 312 times
PDF - 122 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Manado

Jl. Dr. S.H. Sarundajang, Kawasan Ringroad I, Malendeng Manado Kode Pos 95128, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.


Creative Commons License