Cost and Benefit of Revenge: A Sociology of Literature Study on Sidney Sheldon’s Master of the Game

Hasna Nurain Mukhsin


Cost and Benefit of Revenge: A Sociology of Literature Study on Sidney Sheldon’s Master of the Game. Revenge as old as the existence of organism in the earth. Revenge occurs as the act of getting even or to punish the wrongdoer. This study aims to reveal the particular issue regarding revenge as it written down in the novel Master of the Game by Sidney Sheldon. This study utilized the theory sociology of literature by Alan Swingewood. This study used descriptive qualitative method to unravel the impact if revenge toward the characters. This study showed that each characters undergone different acts of revenge based on the three types of revenge and it also revealed that the revenge cost more that benefitted the characters.

Keywords: cost, benefit, revenge

Full Text:



American Psychological Association. (2017). A Guide to APA Referencing Style: 6th Edition. American Psychological Association (APA).

Cardozo, B. L., Kaiser, R., Gotway, C. A., & Agani, F. (2003). Mental health, social functioning, and feelings of hatred and revenge of Kosovar Albanians one year after the war in Kosovo. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 351–360.

Chester, D. S., & DeWall, C. N. (2016). The pleasure of revenge: Retaliatory aggression arises from a neural imbalance toward reward. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(7), 1173–1182.

Creswell, J. (2009). Research Design. New York: Sage Publication, Inc.

Elster, J. (1990). Norms of Revenge.pdf. The University of Chicago Press, 100, 862–885.

Frijda, N. (1994). The lex talionis: On Vengeance. Emotions: Essays on Emotion Theory, 263–289.

Fromm, E. (1973). The anatomy of human destructiveness (1st ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Lennon, R. E. (2013). A Meta-Analysis of Cultural Differences in Revenge and Forgiveness. University of North Florida.

McClelland, R. T. (2010). The Pleasures of Revenge. 42.

McCullough, M. E. (2008). Beyond Revenge: The Evolution of the Forgiveness Instinct. Jossey Bass.

McCullough, M. E., Bellah, C. G., Kilpatrick, S. D., & Johnson, J. L. (2001). Vengefulness: Relationships with Forgiveness, Rumination, Well-Being, and the Big Five. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27(5), 601–610.

Schumann, K., & Ross, M. (2010). The Benefits, Costs, and Paradox of Revenge. Social and Personality Psychology Compass.

Sheldon, S. (1982). Master of the Game. New York: Grand Central Publishing.

Sirola, L. (2013). Setting the World Right: A Psychoanalytic Reading of Revenge in Hamlet and in the Harry Potter Series. University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.

Swingewood, A., & Laurenson, D. (1972). The Sociology of Literature. Schocken Books Inc.

Tigane, Z. (2013). Between Revenge and Forgiveness: Psychoanalysis of The Main Characters in Euripides’ Medea and in Tyler Perry’s Diary of a Mad Black Woman. Kasdi Merbah Univeristy, Ouargla.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 290 times
PDF - 222 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Rumah Jurnal IAIN Manado

Jl. Dr. S.H. Sarundajang, Kawasan Ringroad I, Malendeng Manado Kode Pos 95128, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.


Creative Commons License